(1) The Department of Transportation and local authorities may determine those portions of any highway under their respective jurisdictions where overtaking and passing or driving to the left of the roadway would be especially hazardous and may, by appropriate signs or markings on the roadway, indicate the beginning and end of such zones. When such signs or markings are in place and clearly visible to an ordinarily observant person, a driver of a vehicle must obey the directions thereof. (2) Where signs or markings are in place to define a no-passing zone as set forth in subsection (1), a driver may not, at any time, drive on the left side of the roadway within such no-passing zone or on the left side of any pavement striping designed to mark such no-passing zone throughout its length. (3) This section does not apply to a driver who safely and briefly drives to the left of the center of the roadway only to the extent necessary to: (a) Avoid an obstruction; (b) Turn left into or from an alley, a private road, or a driveway; or (c) Overtake and pass a bicycle or other nonmotorized vehicle or an electric bicycle pursuant to s. 316.083(2) or (3). (4) A person who violates this section commits a noncriminal traffic infraction, punishable as a moving violation as provided in chapter 318.